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  • Writer's pictureTeam ArthaPurna

Property Insurance

Updated: Aug 24, 2022


Like Mediclaim and health insurance are different so is property and house insurance. A house insurance policy and a property insurance policy have certain differences and some commonalities. It resembles taking two circles—one yellow and one blue—and letting some of their edges overlap to create a green color. The traits shared by both policies are depicted by the green overlapping portion. The yellow and the blue represent characteristics that are dissimilar.


Property Insurance

A first-party coverage is property insurance. In other words, the insured and the insurance company are the first and second parties, respectively, in an insurance contract. If a loss occurs under first party coverage, the insured is compensated.


Characteristics of the property

Let's imagine that the blue circle represents property insurance. Commercial buildings, residential properties, boats, and automobiles are all covered by property policies. The property portion of the boat or auto policy is where the driver or boat owner is reimbursed for damage to her own vehicle or vessel. As you can see, a property policy covers more than simply a house.


Home Insurance Policy

Since a homeowner's insurance policy has multiple lines of coverage, it is referred to as a multi-line policy. The yellow circle in our case represents the homeowner's insurance. It provides liability coverage in addition to property coverage.

For instance, if a home were to experience a loss due to a fire, the insurance company would reimburse the policyholder for the cost of rebuilding or replacing the structure. That is the policy's first party, property section. In the event that someone slips and falls on your sidewalk and decides to sue you, the liability section of the policy, also known as the third-party provision, will respond. Through the liability provision of the homeowner's policy, the insurance provider will defend the lawsuit and compensate the aggrieved party.


Comparing Home Insurance and Property Insurance

It's time to overlap a section of the blue property circle, which covers house insurance, with a section of the yellow property homeowner circle, which covers first-party property, now that the blue and yellow circles have been defined. These two elements are the same for each policy. Anything that isn't part of the green overlap, and is instead blue or yellow, differs and represents the different part of each covering.


In light of this, let's return to the initial query: "Is there a difference between house insurance and property insurance?" The answer is yes, but there are also similarities.


When do you need home insurance?

Building anything requires years of perseverance and hard effort, no matter what it is. But for the majority of people, creating a house is both their most valued and challenging endeavor. A house is one of the most valuable and pricey possessions for a person, regardless of whether they constructed it from the ground up or purchased an apartment. Therefore, it only makes sense to take precautions to prevent harm to your home and unnecessary worry. One of the most reliable ways to ensure your home is safe from both natural and man-made catastrophes is to have it insured.


Home insurance is a sort of property insurance that provides protection against unanticipated harm done to your home's structure. It also goes by the name of homeowner's insurance. However, there are numerous insurance firms in India that provide home insurance to people who rent their homes. In this way, both landowners and tenants can ensure their financial security in the event that their rental property suffers a loss.


There are numerous plans and add-ons available to safeguard your home from natural calamities and other man-made damages, like theft and robbery, depending on what you want to protect the most. Most insurers offer coverage for a variety of risks, including fire, lightning, earthquakes, riots, storms, floods, and others.


Additionally, it shields you from responsibility if a visitor or guest causes harm to your property.

If your policy has an optional cover to purchase them, your house insurance may also be useful to safeguard your priceless possessions. Depending on what your plan covers, you can buy insurance for homes for either a short term or a long term duration.


When do you need property insurance?

A property is an asset that you own. When you hear the word "property," most people immediately picture land and structures, but in reality, everything of value or a source of money is considered to be a property under the law. A large portion of our life savings is frequently spent on properties. Property insurance comes in various forms for buildings, equipment, goods, etc. The level of security and coverage needed for various types of properties varies. A full-fledged firm or a single homeowner may fall under this category.


Depending on their worth and demands, everyone would require a completely separate set of benefits. To protect our property from harm and prevent financial loss, it is only right. Your property's structure and contents may be bothered by this harm. You can do this by purchasing property insurance that is appropriate for your home.

Following are some different types of property insurance in India:

  • Homeowner's Insurance

  • Tenant's Insurance

  • Shopkeepers Insurance

  • Office Insurance

  • Fire Insurance

Different aims can be served by a variety of specialized policies. Property insurance, then, is a broad category of insurance that offers various coverage based on the kind of your property and what needs to be insured.


There may also be a number of policies that offer comprehensive protection under a single policy, with features like liability insurance, defense against fire or burglary-related damage, and more. To determine which plan is best for your property, it is recommended that you first compare them on Policybazaar.com. Remember that you can employ the optional covers in a number of designs to expand the scope or coverage.


Types of Property Insurance:-

Property insurance provides you with financial protection against losses incurred as a result of, among other things, fire, earthquake, theft, and burglary on your residential or business property. If you own either private or commercial property, you absolutely must have a property insurance policy. This is so because it's normally quite expensive to repair property damage. Property and casualty insurance plans come in a variety of forms and are now offered on the market. Here are a few typical types of property insurance coverage to help you understand.

  • Renter’s property insurance: A renter's insurance policy offers financial protection to the policyholder in the event that their possessions are harmed by man-made or natural disasters while they are housed in a rented space. The renter's insurance covers valuables like jewelry, pricey electronics, furniture, and other similar possessions. Many renter's insurance policies also protect you from any potential legal obligations you might have to the property owner. The usage of a renter's insurance policy for business is also possible. When storing their company's goods in a third-party storage facility, business owners purchase renter's insurance.

  • Homeowner’s property insurance: One of the most well-known types of property insurance coverage in India is this. When your personal property is damaged by a natural or man-made disaster, such as a fire, theft, earthquake, or burglary, homeowner's property insurance, sometimes known as home insurance, offers you financial assistance for repairs. Your personal goods that are kept within the property are also covered by your homeowner's insurance. Furthermore, reputable insurance providers will cover any losses you might sustain as a result of water tanks and pipes bursting or spilling.

  • Commercial property insurance: Your property is protected by commercial property insurance if it sustains damage as a result of a catastrophe, whether it was man-made or natural. But only commercial properties, or those utilized for commercial reasons, are covered by commercial property insurance. Do not forget that commercial general liability insurance differs from commercial property insurance. Commercial general liability insurance shields you from third-party obligations brought on by your business, unlike commercial property insurance, which only insures your property.

  • Fire property insurance: One of the most frequent causes of property damage is the occurrence of flames. A fire that starts accidentally might happen for a number of reasons and cost the owner of the property a lot to put out. Therefore, both domestic and commercial properties can get a fire insurance policy. Please be aware that a fire caused by willful negligence will not be covered by a fire insurance policy.

  • Public liability property insurance: One of the P & C insurance products that business owners in India most frequently purchase is public liability property insurance. Your property is financially protected by public liability insurance in the event that a third party is injured on your property. According to the Environment Protection Act of 1986, it is a requirement for business owners to carry a public liability property insurance coverage.

How Do I Choose the Best Insurance Coverage?

Any person's ambitions can be derailed by a fire or a burglary. Most people work very hard their entire lives and then lose their most valued belongings in tragic circumstances. Therefore, it is crucial to get the appropriate policy based on the kind of property and coverage you require.

Keep in mind the following advice whether it is for your house or office:

  • Pay attention to how your property's insurance amount is determined; make sure depreciation and the property's reinstatement value have both been taken into consideration.

  • Carefully consider the add-ons available and select just those that apply to your property.

  • If you choose to purchase home insurance, be sure to declare the correct description and location of your home as the type of neighborhood your home is in affects the premium rate.

  • Be sure to compare various plans online before choosing one.

  • Don't forget to check customer reviews and insurers claim-settlement ratio before buying.


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